Providing information on organic food and farming in Wales
Welsh organic farming statistics: productionFor a full report on Welsh organic farming statistics compiled in 2011 from 2010 data supplied by Defra, see Organic agriculture in Wales: 2010. The main figures are summarized below.
Organic area and holdingsAt the end of 2010, about 8% of Welsh agricultural land was fully organic or in conversion. This is a higher proportion than in England, Scotland or Northern Ireland.
The area under organic management increased by more than 50% during 2006-10, but the area under conversion fell during 2010, producing an overall drop in the organic/in conversion area of 2%.
At the end of 2010 there were 1003 organic farms in Wales (see Figure 1).
Figure 1. Welsh organic holdings and organically managed land area
Organic producers and processorsOrganic processors include importers, abattoirs, bakers, stores and wholesalers and also some producers who do their own processing (for instance butchering on the farm). At the end of 2010 there were 163 processors, compared with 167 at the end of 2009, which compares favourably with the rest of the UK.
Table 1. Numbers of organic producers and processors by UK region, 2010
Organic croppingBeef and sheep farming dominate Welsh organic production, and some 85% of organic land in Wales is given over to permanent grassland. The remainder is split between temporary grass (6%) and arable crops (8%). Although less than 0.5% of the land is in horticulture, a relatively high proportion of this is organic.
Table 2. Welsh organic area by land use, 2006-2010
Figure 2. Changes in Welsh organically managed area, 2006-2010
According to 2010 certification data, organically managed beef and dairy cattle account for about 5% of all cattle in Wales, and 4% of sheep are organic. There were 38,000 laying hens, representing 3.6% of the total in Wales, and 100-300 Welsh organic breeding sows. See Table 3 and Figure 3 below.
Table 3: Welsh fully organic and in-conversion livestock numbers, 2010
Figure 3. Welsh organic livestock numbers 2006-10
Organic Centre Wales, IBERS, Gogerddan Campus
Aberystwyth University, Ceredigion, SY23 3EB
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